Are Stem Cells a Viable Treatment For Lower Back Pain

What Are Stem Cells?

Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that can differentiate into specialized cells and can divide( through mitosis) to produce more stem cells.

Description:-

  1. Stem cells are the cells that are located within the body that have not yet transformed to perform a certain function.
  2. Stem cells are distinguished from other cell types by two important characteristics. First, they gave rise to specialized cells capable of renewing themselves through cell division.
  3. In addition, in many tissues serve as source of internal repair system, dividing essentially without limit to replenish other cells as long as person or animal still alive.
  4. In some other organs such as liver, pancreas stem cell divides under special condition.

Location:-

Stem cells have been identified in many organs and tissues, including,

  • Brain.
  • Bone marrow.
  • Blood vessels, peripheral blood vessels.
  • Skeletal muscles.
  • Skin, teeth, gut.
  • Heart, liver.
  • Ovarian epithelium.
  • Testis.

WHAT ARE UNIQUE PROPERTIES OF STEM CELLS?

Properties:-

All stem cells regardless of source – have three general properties.

  • They are unspecialized.
  • They are capable of dividing and renewing themselves for a long period.
  • They also produces special types of cells.

WHAT Is LOWER BACK PAIN?

Lower Back Pain:-

  • :- Lower back pain is a universal human experience almost every one has it at some point.
  • :- The lower back pain which start below the ribcage is called lumber region.
  • :- Pain here can be intense and one of the top cause of missed work.

WHAT ARE CAUSES OF LOWER BACK PAIN?

Causes:-

  • Smaller nerves that supply the low back may be irritated.
  • Larger paired Lower back muscles may be strained.
  • Bones, ligaments or joints may be damaged.
  • An intervertebral disc may be degenerated.
  • Back muscle strain.
  • Compression of nerve roots that leads to extreme lower back pain because of protrusion of tissues, structure and any part of disc because of constant movements.
  • Extreme weight and pressure about spinal canal’s  toots.
  • Injury in muscles, joints and ligaments by abusing and overworking it.

SYMPTOMS OF BACK PAIN?

Symptoms:-

  • Hard to move or stand up straight.
  • Lifting a heavy objects.
  • Local soreness upon touch.
  • Severe or aching pain in lower back that starts after activity.
  • Muscle spasms, which can be severe.
  • Pain that also moves along around to groin.
  • May be accompanied by weakness or difficulty in moving leg or foot.
  • If your pain is not better within 72 hr you should consult your doctor.

WHAT IS THE DIAGNOSIS OF LOWER BACK PAIN?

Diagnosis:-

  • History of pain
  • Location, severity, type of pain.
  • Source of low back pain.
  • Related symptoms.
  • Any history of chronic conditions.

WHO’S AT RISK FOR LOWER BACK PAIN?

  • Most people get their first taste of lower back pain in their 30s. The add of additional attacks increases with age. Other reasons your low back may hurt include,
  • Over weight.
  • In active lifestyle.
  • Jobs that require heavy lifting.

WHAT IS TREATMENT OF LOWER BACK PAIN?

Treatment:-

  • Spinal manipulation ( pressure with their hands to bones and surrounding tissues).
  • Mass age therapy.
  • Acupuncture.
  • Medication ( Ibuprofen, naproxen, acetaminophens )
  • Injection ( medication include steroids ).
  • Surgery.
  • Stem cells
  • Physical therapy.
  • Strengthening the back, flexion, extension, exercise.

PREVENTING LOWER BACK PAIN?

  • There’s no sure way to prevent back pain as your age. But there are steps to lower your risks, including
  • Stay at healthy weight.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Lifting with your legs, not your back.
  • Make sure your work station position is not contributing to your pain.

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